What is a Mega Pixel

A megapixel (MP or Mpx) is one million pixels, and is a term used not only for the number of pixels in an image, but to express the number of image sensor elements of digital cameras or the number of display elements of digital displays. For example, a camera that makes a 2048 × 1536 pixel image typically uses a few extra rows and columns of sensor elements and is commonly said to have “3.2 megapixels” or “3.3 megapixels”, depending on whether the number reported is the “effective” or the “total” pixel count[17] (as opposed to the 2048 × 1536 = 3,145,728 finished image pixels).
Digital cameras use photosensitive electronics, either charge-coupled device (CCD) or complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors, consisting of a large number of single sensor elements, each of which records a measured intensity level. In most digital cameras, the sensor array is covered with a patterned color filter mosaic having red, green, and blue regions in the Bayer filter arrangement, so that each sensor element can record the intensity of a single primary color of light. The camera interpolates the color information of neighboring sensor elements, through a process called demosaicing, to create the final image. These sensor elements are often called “pixels”, even though they only record 1 channel (only red, or green, or blue) of the final color image. Thus, two of the three color channels for each sensor must be interpolated and a so-called N-megapixel camera that produces an N-megapixel image provides only one-third of the information that an image of the same size could get from a scanner. Thus, certain color contrasts may look fuzzier than others, depending on the allocation of the primary colors (green has twice as many elements as red or blue in the Bayer arrangement).

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About giraffeshavespotstoo

I love taking pictures of everything. This used to be a blog about my love of photography. I have decided to make this blog about everyday topics. Every now and then I have a strong opinion on a topic and feel I need an outlet to discuss these ideas ,besides social media. Feel free to comment on any post I make and please ...no foul language or mean spirited comments. I look forward to sharing with you, thanks in advance.

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